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Side Menu : ABOUT Syria : Deir al-Zor
Deir al-Zor

DEIREZZOR :

320 km south-east of Aleppo, Deir al-Zor is the most important urban center in the east of Syria.  Its river is the Euphrates ,  lifeline of the region and fount of civiliation throughout the ages.  With the formation of Lake al-Assad,  it is now possible  to  regulate  its  once  capricious  flow  and  to  make  plans  for  new harvests.

 85 km south of Deir al-Zor,  on the western bank of  the  Euphrates ,  is the archacological site  of the birthplace of  Selcueus ,  near  the  Arab village  of Salihiyeh.  This was the historic town built by  Seleucus Nicator,  Alexander's lieutenant, the fortified twon of Doura Europos. This town was closely linked with Palmyra ,  serving  as an important  forward-line of defense against the Persians.

The site did not attract significant attention until 1921 when some mural paintings  were discovered  in a temple ( there were sixteen temples   dedicated to the various gods of palmyra,  at present in the national Museum at Damascus).  Many other discoveries followed, notably frescoes dating from 235 A.D.,  which were in a remarkable state of preservation.  They too,  were transported to the Damascus Museum  in 1936.  Doura Europos,  however, is still a place of interest for visitors.

 

 
Deir al-Zor
 
HALABIA & ZALABIA : North-east of Deir al-Zor,  there is  a vast enclosing wall with three fortified gateways which enfolds within its towers a town that dates from Byzantine days. Both  halabiya and Zalabiya were  forward-defence lines  against  Persian invasions. At Mayadin is the Rahbi Citadel, which was built by Assad al-Din Shirgoh, the uncle of Salah al-Din al-Ayoubi.  
 
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